Figure 1: Bernini, “St. Mary Magdalen,”¬†1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 2: Bernini, “St. Jerome,”¬†Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 3: Modern map of Siena with Siena Cathedral marked, Google Maps, 2013.

Figure 4: Facade, Siena Cathedral, 1284-1317, Siena.

Figure 5: Plan of Siena Cathedral.

Figure 6: Duccio, detail of St. Ansanus on the “Maesta,” 1308-1311, Museo dell’Opera Metropolitana del Duomo, Siena.

Figure 7: Follower of Guido da Siena, “Madonna del Voto,” 13th century, flanked by “St. Bernardine” (Antonio Raggi) and “St. Catherine” (Ercole Ferrata), c. 1661, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 8: Bernini, “St. Mary Magdalen,” 1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 9: Bernini, “St. Mary Magdalen,” 1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 10: Bernini, “St. Jerome,” 1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 11: Bernini, “St. Mary Magdalen,” 1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 12: Bernini, “St. Jerome,” 1661-1663, Chigi Chapel, Siena Cathedral, Siena.

Figure 13: Bernini, “David,” 1623, Galleria Borghese, Rome.

Figure 14: Carlo Saraceni, “Pope Saint Gregory the Great,” 1610, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, Rome, Italy.

Figure 15: Bartolomeo Bulgarini, St. Mary Magdalen, 14th century, Musei Capitolini, Rome.

Figure 16: Tomb of St. Jerome, Church St. Catherine’s, Bethlehem.

Figure 17: Georges de la Tour, “The Penitent Mary Magdalen,” 1640, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

Figure 18: Donatello, “The Penitent Mary Magdalen,” c. 1455, Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Florence.

Figure 19: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, “Mary Magdalene,” 1877, Delaware Art Museum.

Figure 20: Jonathan Weber, “Mary Magdalene,” 2005.

Figure 21: Tintoretto, “Saint Jerome in the Wilderness,” 1580, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Figure 22: Ivan Mestrovic, “St. Jerome the Priest,” 1956, Croatian Embassy, Washington, D.C.